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Jone Logi Baired.

John Logi Baired was born in August 13, 1888, Helensburg near Glasgow. His Father was an educated clergy-man, but his income was quite low. Baired had two sisters and one brother. All elder to him. Before going to school , he spent most of his time with the son of a gardener. He had his primary education in a nearby school. He showed a keen interest in photography and  became   the president of the photography society of his school. Baired was so intelligent the even at the age of 12, he made a television line with the help of his friends, and connected his top floor room with the houses of his four friends.

Later, he was educated at the Royal Technical College and in the University of Glasgow. Despite of his ill health, he became assistant engineer after five years of education. At the age of 26, he was working in an electronic company at a salary of 30 shillings per week. After the First World War, he started manufacturing socks from which he earned about 1600 pounds.

After this he opened a small factory for faking jam and sauce. Due to the little consumption of these items. He had to stop that work also. Since he was not keeping in good health, he decided to go to his friends in Trinidad. Baired had a happy time during his journey. In his journey he entered the ship’s radio cabin and became friendly with the operator. During the course of their discussion both of them understood the possibility of sending pictures through the air.

In 1922 , that is at the age of 34, Baired returned to London. He was jobless, and had very little money. During these day of poverty prepared the outline of his experiments. He obtained an old tea chest and a cardboard box. meant for packing hats. He cut a circular disc in it. Apart from that he purchased and old electric motor from a junk dealer in which this disc with many holes was fitted. When he rotated this disc the illuminated object was projected in the from of light sport. He used a variety of the materials such as projection lamp, selenium cell, neon lamp, radio valves, ect., during his lengthy experiments. He made many adjustments in his lengthy experiments. He made many adjustments in his apparatus for transmuting and receiving signals. In the spring of 1924, his hard work bore fruit. He succeeded in transmitting the shadow of a Maltice cross up to a distance of three yards.

Baired had no money to proceed with his experiments. He advertised in newspapers for monetary help. As a result the was able to collect some money. In 1925 the son of a shop keeper named Gorrdon Selfriz came to see him and offered his some money. Baired gave his a demonstration of his television in his work shop. It was a primitive demonstration, in which blurred images were transmitted on to a screen.

On October 2, 1925, Baired used a specially built device for concerting light into electric singles in his apparatus. When he put on the switch of his apparatus, he was spell bound to see the result. He saw that the television pictures. In 1929, German post office authorities of offered hi, the facilities for establishing television services. In 1928, he has started working on colour television, and in 1929, he demonstrated it successfully. In 1929 Baired began a daily black and white service using BBC transmitter. In 1936, however, the BBC became more interested is a system developed by Marconi and Baired’s methods of transmission totally got. Defeated by Marconi’s  method.

Baired carried out researches throughout his life. In spite of bad health and shortage of money. He continued to work on colour television even up to 1945. This great scientist died in 1946 due to exposure.