48. Population Explosion.

The population of Sri Lanka has increased at an alarming rate after Independence. Because of Over-population, there is poverty, The increase in population is due to the fall in death rate. There is better medical facility and the death rate has, therefore fallen.

Because of over-population, there is unemployment, poverty and food problem. There are many reasons of over-population. The poor people have more children. They think that children are the gifts of God. Some people think that a man who many sons and daughters is a lucky person. Parents who have only daughters go on producing children until they have a son.

It is necessary to solve the problem of over- population. Family planning should be adopted to control the birth through various  programmers they having more children is a burden on them and the couples how have one or two children should be given awards.