When it comes to poverty, unfortunately, there are many countries around the world that face severe economic challenges. From lack of access to basic necessities to high unemployment rates, poverty takes various forms and affects numerous aspects of people's lives. In this article, we will delve into the question, "Which country is the number one poorest country?" and explore the factors contributing to the economic struggles faced by these nations.

The measurement of poverty:

To determine the "number one poorest country," it is crucial to have a reliable and standardized measure of poverty. The most commonly used indicator is the national poverty line. Each country sets its own threshold, taking into account factors such as the cost of living and the minimum income required to meet basic needs.
In addition to the national poverty line, international organizations like the World Bank also employ the concept of the global poverty line. This measure is based on the percentage of the population living on less than $1.90 per day, adjusted for purchasing power parity.

Factors contributing to extreme poverty:

Poverty is a multidimensional issue influenced by various factors such as political instability, ongoing conflicts, lack of education, limited access to healthcare, and inadequate infrastructure. These factors can exacerbate existing economic challenges and hinder development in impoverished countries.

The number one poorest country:

Determining the number one poorest country is a complex task as the list may vary depending on the measure used and the specific time frame considered. However, according to data from the World Bank and other reputable sources, some of the countries consistently identified as among the poorest include:

  1. Burundi
  2. Democratic Republic of Congo
  3. Malawi
  4. Niger
  5. Mozambique
    These countries are characterized by high levels of poverty, low GDP, and limited opportunities for their populations. It is important to note that poverty is not solely determined by income levels but also takes into account other aspects such as access to education, healthcare, and basic infrastructure.

Causes of extreme poverty in the number one poorest country:

Each country's poverty situation is unique, influenced by a combination of historical, political, and economic factors. Here, we will briefly explore some of the causes of extreme poverty in the number one poorest country, Burundi:

  1. Political instability: Burundi has faced political instability, including a civil war and ongoing tensions, which have hindered economic growth and development.
  2. Limited access to healthcare: The country struggles with a lack of quality healthcare facilities, leading to inadequate healthcare services and higher mortality rates.
  3. Agricultural challenges: Burundi relies heavily on agriculture, but factors such as land scarcity, soil erosion, and limited irrigation systems have hampered agricultural productivity, exacerbating poverty.
  4. Education gaps: Limited access to education, particularly for girls, has resulted in a lack of skills and opportunities for Burundi's population.

The path towards reducing poverty:

Addressing extreme poverty requires a comprehensive approach that involves both national governments and international cooperation. Some strategies that can contribute to reducing poverty include:

  1. Economic diversification: Encouraging the development of industries beyond agriculture can create new opportunities and boost economic growth.
  2. Investment in education and healthcare: Improving access to quality education and healthcare services can empower individuals and enhance human capital, breaking the cycle of poverty.
  3. Infrastructure development: Investing in infrastructure, such as roads, electricity, and water supply, improves living conditions and creates conditions for economic development.
  4. Social safety nets: Implementing social protection programs can provide a safety net for the most vulnerable populations, ensuring basic needs are met.


While the identification of the number one poorest country may vary depending on the measurement used, it is clear that numerous countries face extreme poverty and its associated challenges. Burundi, along with other nations such as the Democratic Republic of Congo, Malawi, Niger, and Mozambique, continues to grapple with high poverty rates and limited opportunities for its citizens. By understanding the complex factors contributing to poverty and implementing comprehensive strategies, both at the national and international levels, we can work towards alleviating poverty and fostering sustainable development for all.